When children begin to read they are starting a long and exciting journey which will culminate in them being able to decode and interpret text in it’s many and varied forms.

From the beginning of the Foundation Stage, children are taught to identify and read sounds and blend them together to make words. The English language has 44 sounds (phonemes) in total, which the children are introduced to in a systematic way.

Once the children have reached a degree of fluency as readers, they can then focus on interpreting and understanding the texts that they read.

The teaching of phonics at Bromley Heath Infant School is based on a phonics scheme called Read, Write, Inc. You can find out more by clicking on the Read Write Inc website.

What do we teach and how?

Children will learn phonics throughout their time in school. Initially they will learn to blend sounds for reading and then they will go on to segment (break down a word into its constituent sounds) for spelling.

All children will have a timetabled phonics lesson (15 – 20 minutes) for at least four days a week and there will be opportunities for phonics consolidation on the fifth day. During the lesson one new sound will be taught and previously introduced sounds will be revisited. Some children may also have personalised phonics intervention sessions should the need arise.

During their phonics input, the children will work within a group of similar ability. Their progress will be checked once a term and the groups adjusted where necessary.

In the same way, children will use Read Write Inc books during their guided reading session. The children are set for success as the words that they encounter will be phonetically plausible and will never exceed their current level of phonic capability.

In Year 2, when children have completed the Read Write Inc reading program, they will progress onto the Read Write Inc spelling program.


The sounds that the children learn are broken down into three sets.

Speed sounds set 1

m  a  s  d  t  I  n  p  g  o  c

k  u  b  f  e  l  h  sh  r  j  v  y

w  th  z  ch  q  x  ng  nk

Speed sounds set 2

ay   ee   igh   ow (as in blow)   oo (as in boom)   oo (as in book)   ar

or  air  ir  ou  oy

Speed sounds set 3

a – e (take)   ea    i – e  (pie)    o – e (home)    u – e (Luke)   aw  (paw)

are  (care)   ur  (fur)   er  (later)   ow   (cow)    ai  (snail)    oa  (toad)

ew  (chew)   ire  (fire)   ear (dear)   ure  (treasure)   tious  (scrumptious)

tion  ( attention)


See/hear how sounds are pronounced


There are other videos online which will help you to pronounce the sounds if you need further help, or please ask your child’s class teacher.